Rehab Rarely Works for Opioid Addicts. Could a Vaccine? | Retro Report

Rehab Rarely Works for Opioid Addicts. Could a Vaccine? | Retro Report

“America’s opioid crisis.” “The opiod epidimic is getting worse.” At a time when six Americans are dying every
hour from opioid overdoses… “They were dealing with a heroin overdose.” Do we need a new approach? Researchers, like Gary Matyas at the Walter
Reed Army Institute of Research, think we do. “We’re working on a heroin-HIV vaccine.” “We’re comparing the response to heroin
in a mouse…” In animal studies, the vaccine blocks heroin’s
effects by keeping it, and many other opioids, from reaching the brain. “This mouse, the heroin went into the brain,
it made it run around like crazy. Whereas the vaccinated mouse
behaved basically normally. This tells me that the vaccine worked.” The idea of a vaccine also represents an
emerging shift in the way addiction is understood. “Addicted people have been considered poor
character, bad personalities, liars, cheats, bad moral upbringing.” Former deputy White House drug czar Thomas
McLellan says that for years, punishment… “Mandatory minimum laws, sometimes up to
life in prison.” … and abstinence… “When it comes to drugs and
alcohol, just say no.” … were considered the best ways to prevent
drug abuse, and reforming an addict’s personality the best form of therapy. “They developed residential programs where
that really was the nature of the treatment: character reformation. Bring that character down and rebuild it.” But it turns out for many people,
these programs don’t work. “Fifty percent will relapse within six months
and most of those will relapse within 90 days.” Brain research published over the past decade
or so has begun to explain why. “Addiction is best considered a
chronic illness of the brain.” “This is drugs.” “And it’s not just like the old commercials.” “This is your brain on drugs.” “The use of drugs gradually erode motivation,
inhibition, reward sensitivity and stress tolerance in your brain. If you take someone whose brain has been changed
by drugs, ‘just say no’ is perfectly ridiculous.” “There is a true epidemic sweeping
America, striking without warning.” “People ask me all the time, ‘Why don’t
we have medications to treat addiction?’ Well, the truth is we do have medications, and many have been around
for quite a long while.” “Methadone, a bitter, inexpensive, synthetic drug…” Like methadone, a daily dose opioid
that doesn’t produce the high. “Vivitrol is the new drug that we’re using.” Or Vivitrol, a monthly shot that blocks heroin’s effects. Without these medications, the vast majority
of opioid addicts will relapse. “That might be a little uncomfortable to
lay on that side.” Thomas McLellan says that, combined with long
term support and monitoring, medication doubles an addict’s
chances of staying clean. But only about a third of treatment
programs use this approach. “It’s been thought that medications are
simply a crutch. You’ll hear over and over, ‘They’re just
a substitution for another drug.’ They don’t believe in them. They don’t see the need.” And he compares the stigma around addiction
treatment today to an epidemic from the early
20th century: tuberculosis. “Tuberculosis was not thought to be a medical illness. It was thought to be a lifestyle.” “Poverty and ignorance contribute to the
spread of tuberculosis.” “Policy makers realized they had to do something. We’ll make a system of sanitaria and put
them someplace way the hell out of town, away from us.” But tuberculosis is caused by a bacteria. “The research was clear. TB was actually a pathogen.” By the late 1940s, scientists had discovered
both drugs and a vaccine that worked. “After penicillin, streptomycin, science’s latest
weapon against some forms of tuberculosis.” But they were not widely adopted for years. “Because of political and financing and
stigma issues, we didn’t implement evidence-based treatment for tuberculosis
even though we could have.” When it comes to drug use, despite mounting
evidence that it’s a chronic disease, some officials still believe in “just say no.” “Just say no. Don’t do it.” But the latest opioid crisis is starting to
change some minds. “They need medicine to regain the dignity
that comes with being in control of their lives. Having just one-third of treatment programs
offer the most effective intervention for opioid addiction is simply unacceptable.” “Brain disease lasts for a long time,
but it can be managed in the same way other
chronic illnesses are managed. This is not a lost cause.” Gary Matyas is hoping his vaccine, which has
been licensed to a drug company, will be a new tool for managing addiction. “We want to test it in humans to see what happens.” If it works, addicts would be
vaccinated after they detox, when they are at highest
risk of death from an overdose. “It would be part of their therapy for recovering
so if they mess up and take a dose of heroin, the heroin won’t work.”

8 thoughts on “Rehab Rarely Works for Opioid Addicts. Could a Vaccine? | Retro Report”

  1. Does it dawn on you in this world we inhabit the illinesses that plague us, the lack of food, no money for everyday bills and worst of all a lack of natural, real affection people are trying to kill ALL their very REAL pain? There is no REASON to go on and certainly no hope.

  2. Seriously I just found this channel and I’m blown away by the content! So relevant and important!
    I have been saying for years that we NEED a NEW system for opioid addiction! I have lost countless friends
    I’m going to keep looking into this revolutionary ideas of addiction

  3. whenindoubt mutemyownmouth

    An opiate Vaccine would be a horrible idea, what would people take for pain when they were shot, giving birth, or dying of cancer if their brains were made immune to opiates by a vaccine? Opiates have legitimate medical uses too for pain management. Medications have also already been developed to block the pleasure center in the brain from getting an addict high when they take opiates.

  4. Methadone does produce the high. It’s actually better feeling than actual pain killers. What a crazy statement.

  5. Rehab doesn't work because most people are forced to go. Also, just segregating yourself from the public for however many days is stupid. You can't quit until you've had enough bullshit. Also AA/NA only works for around 1% of people who do it.

  6. Another solution that works great is locking people up. Ohhh wait, that's only a solution when the users are black. Fuck you ameriKKKa. Cut the check.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *